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Data Sources

The horizontal resolution of the primary solar data source is a global 1° x 1° latitude/longitude grid while the meteorological data sources are ½° x ⅝° latitude/longitude grid. This current version no longer remaps the data to a common grid. Once the data is processed and archived, it is made available through POWER's Services Suite.

Energy Fluxes

The energy flux parameters (e.g. Solar Irradiance, Thermal IR, and Cloud Properties) are derived from NASA's GEWEX SRB Release 4-Integrated Product (R4-IP) archive and NASA's CERES SYN1deg and FLASHFlux projects. The CERES Version 4A data is processed by the POWER project team on a daily basis and appended to the daily time series to provide low latency products which are generally ready within about 4 days of near real time.

Source Temporal Coverage Latency
GEWEX SRB R4-IP January 1, 1984 December 31, 2000
CERES SYN1deg Edition 4.1 January 1, 2001 NRT minus ~3-4 months
CERES FLASHFlux Version 4A NRT ~3-4 months Near Real Time 5-7 Days

Warning

The time series of daily surface energy fluxes data may include multiple data sources; accordingly, it is not recommended for use in assessing climate trends that encompass a source data change.

Meteorological

Meteorological parameters are derived from the NASA's GMAO MERRA-2 assimilation model and GEOS 5.12.4 FP-IT. MERRA-2 is a version of NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) Data Assimilation System (Bosilovich, M. G., et al 2016). The GEOS version 5.12.4 has the same grid resolution as MERRA-2 (and the same model physics less selected observations and surface rain gauge normalized precipitation). The GEOS 5.12.4 data is processed by the POWER project team on a daily basis and appended to the end of the MERRA-2 daily time series to provide low latency products which are generally ready within about 2 days of real-time. The MERRA-2 values in the resulting daily time series are typically updated every several months.

Source Temporal Coverage Latency
GMAO MERRA-2 January, 1, 1981 Month Behind Near Real Time
GEOS 5.12.4 FP-IT End of MERRA-2 Near Real Time 2 Days

Warning

The time series of daily meteorological data will include MERRA-2 or GEOS 5.12.4 data within a few months of Near Real Time; accordingly, it is recommended to end your analysis 2 months behind NRT when assessing climate trends.