NASA's goal in Earth science is to observe, understand,
and model the Earth system to discover how it is changing, to better predict change,
and to understand the consequences for life on Earth. The
Applied Sciences Program,
within the Science Mission Directorate
(which replaced both the Office of Earth Science and the Office of Space Science),
serves NASA and Society by expanding and accelerating the realization of societal
and economic benefits from Earth science, information, and technology research and development.
The over arching goal of the
Applied Sciences Program
is to bridge the gap between Earth science research results and the adoption of data and prediction
capabilities for reliable and sustained use in Decision Support Systems (DSS).
NASA's has long supported satellite
systems and research providing data, such as long-term estimates of meteorological quantities and
surface solar energy fluxes, for the study of climate and climate processes. In the late 1990's,
the Surface Meteorological and Solar Energy (SSE) project was initiated through NASA's Applications
program to provide internet-based access to parameters specifically tailored to assist in the
design of solar and wind powered renewable energy systems. The goal of the SSE-project was to
make NASA's satellite data more readily accessible to the renewable energy community where
such data was demonstrated to enhance the output of existing Discussion Support Systems
(Stackhouse, et. al. 2002).
The parameters currently available through the
SSE-web based data archive are based primarily upon solar radiation derived from satellite observations and meteorological
data from the Goddard Earth Observing System assimilation model, and were defined through close collaboration
with industry and government partners
in the solar and wind renewable energy community.
Prediction of Worldwide Energy Resource (POWER)
project was initiated to improve upon the current SSE data set and to create new data sets
from new satellite systems and forecast modeling data. The improved SSE data will continue to be
focussed on the solar and wind Renewable Energy
industry. New data sets will target
Sustainable Buildings and